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A hip replacement is surgery where an injured hip joint is replaced with hip implant. Hip replacement surgery is a procedure in which a doctor surgically removes a painful hip joint with arthritis and replaces it with an artificial joint often made from metal and plastic components which is called Implant. This is the decision or last option when all other treatment options have failed to provide sufficient pain relief. The process should alleviate a painful hip joint, making walking easier. Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the diseased parts of the hip joint are removed and replaced with new, artificial parts. These artificial parts are called the prosthesis.
In the human body, the hip joint is one of the largest joints. Normally in hip joint, the bones are connected to each other with tissue known as ligaments. These ligaments are lubricated with fluid to decrease resistance. Joints are bordered by a tissue called cartilage that is designed to help support the joints .The main function of the hip joints is to hold up the upper body of humans, running, walking and to help with certain activities, such as bending and stretching.
8-12 months after hip replacement surgery, falsification on the concerned leg should be avoided. Patient who has hip replacement should not cross the involved leg of the body and not bend at the hip past 90 degrees. Person must take advice from physical psychotherapist, who will provide you the techniques and adaptive equipment that will help you follow the right activates, guidelines and precautions while performing daily activities. Even after your hip joint has recovered, certain sports or heavy activity should be avoided.
Circumstances are responsible for the damage of hip joint, sometimes necessitating hip replacement surgery, include:
Osteoarthritis:- Normally recognized as deterioration arthritis, osteoarthritis damages the slick cartilage that covers the ends of bones and helps joints move smoothly.
Rheumatoid arthritis:- Due to a hyperactive immune system, rheumatic arthritis produces a type of inflammation that can erode bone and cartilage and deform joints.
Osteonecrosis:- The ball part of the hip joint bone may fall down if there is insufficient blood supply.
Blood clots: Clots can form in leg veins after surgical procedure. This can be dangerous because a piece of a clot can break off and it has the high chances that can travel to your lung, heart or rarely your brain.
Infection: can take place at the spot of incision and in the deeper tissue near new hip. Infections are mostly treated with antibiotics, but a major infection near prosthesis may require surgery to remove and replace the prosthesis.
Fracture: Sometimes healthy portions of hip joint may fracture, during surgical procedure. Some fractures are so small that they restore to health on their own, but larger fractures needs to be corrected with wires, pins and possibly bone grafts.
Dislocation: After surgery, patient is not suppose to bend more than 90 degrees at the hip and don't let leg cross the midline of your body, as these convinced positions can make ball of new hip joint to become free.
Patients who have experienced problems form Hip Implant can file a lawsuit. Financial compensation may be available for individuals who have suffered problems stemming from:
Hip Replacement Infections
Metal-on-Metal Hip Implants
Modular Hips and Other Components
Hip implant recipient banks on the promise of reduced pain and greater maneuverability only to suffer complication far more incapacitating. Accusation includes faulty designs and serious complications like metallosis. These side effects resulted in many hip recipients needing new implants and multiple revision surgeries.